Oxygen is More Interesting Than You May Think

admin September 29, 2015 No Comments

Most people know that without oxygen, no living thing on our planet would exist, but there is much more to oxygen than simply the most important part of the air we breathe. Oxygen itself is a colorless, odorless gas that occupies the eight space on the periodic table, is a diatomic nonmetal, and was discovered around 1773 by Carl Wilhelm Scheele in Sweden and named in 1777 for the Greek words oxys, or acid and -genes for producer. However, it was determined its name was not quite accurate as it originally came from the belief that all acids needed oxygen in their makeup. While hydrogen and helium are the most abundant elements in our universe, oxygen comes in third, but without it, we would cease to exist. Below are some more interesting facts about oxygen you may or may not know.

Oxygen is Much More Than Just Air
– The air we breathe is made up of approximately 21 percent oxygen, 78 percent nitrogen with the remaining one percent made up of various gases.

– Oxygen itself is not flammable; however, it does provide fuel to support the combustion process. This is why any fire will burn better if it has good ventilation.

– Almost two-thirds of the weight of living things is oxygen. This is because living things are made up mostly of water and nearly 89 percent of water is made up of oxygen.

– Oxygen is replenished by green plants through a process called photosynthesis, without them, our air would contain nearly zero oxygen.

photosynthesis creates oxygen
– There are five main elements that make up the Earth’s crust and nearly half of its weight comes from oxygen. The other half is made up of silicon, aluminum, iron, and calcium.

– Without oxygen, we would not have the phenomena of the Northern and Southern Lights. The green and dark red coloring is caused when oxygen molecules are split, which causes them to lose energy and emit photons that produce the stunning colors.

– When you hyperventilate, it is not caused by too much oxygen, it is caused by the loss of carbon dioxide, the by-product of oxygen produced in our lungs. It is the disruption in this balance that causes you to feel faint, nauseous, and eventually faint. By breathing into a paper bag, you can recycle the carbon dioxide you exhale and restore your body’s balance.

– Oxygen used for medical and industrial use is obtained by super-freezing liquefied air and capturing the oxygen gas that is released. Oxygen in its liquid form is not clear it is actually pale blue.

NASA has studied oxygen and can trace its long history back nearly 2.5 billion years, but have yet to determine exactly why it became a predominant part of our atmosphere. It is thought that photosynthesizing organisms, like green plants, flourished after geologic changes in the Earth, thus increasing the amount of oxygen produced in the air.

Argyle Welding Oxygen

While the fact that we require oxygen is simple, there is so much more too this odorless, colorless substance. Aside from being a requirement for living things to exist, oxygen has a number of uses in the manufacturing of glass, steel and chemicals as well as a supplemental gas for welding. The most common use of oxygen is in the medical community. Supplemental oxygen is used to treat patients who suffer from a variety of lung disorders to help maintain a healthier level of oxygen in their blood and is packaged for both hospital and home use. There is no doubt that although we cannot see, smell or feel oxygen, it is one of the most important elements in the universe.

Argyle Welding Oxygen Tanks

Argyle Welding Supply provides both professional and at-home welders with all the safety equipment and working materials needed both on and off the job. We also carry a variety of products for the food and beverage industry, pool maintenance and specialized gas products for a variety of applications including various gases and gas supplies for consumer use, including oxygen for commercial and medical use. At Argyle, we strive to be the best welding supplier we can so that our customers are safe and productive. Visit us at any of our three locations in El Paso, Albuquerque, or Las Cruces or on our social media on Facebook and Twitter.

Meet the World’s Largest Welding Tool

admin September 16, 2015 No Comments

While welding is an integral part of how many things are made on Earth, the need for this technology goes far beyond your local auto repair shop or construction site. Imagine what it takes to accommodate the welding needs of spacecraft that is subjected to both high heat, large debris and dangerous voids in the atmosphere that is destined to venture farther into space than we have ever reached. When NASA began development of the new Space Launch System (SLS) rocket, they also needed to create equipment that was capable of building it. This led to the development and construction of the world’s largest welding tool, the Vertical Assembly Center.

The Space Launch System (SLS) rocket will be used for deep space mission to asteroids and eventually sent to Mars. To make this possible, NASA has designed it to be the most powerful, and one of the largest space vessels they have ever built. Standing over 200 feet tall with a diameter of nearly 28 feet, the rocket will hold large amounts of both liquid hydrogen and liquid oxygen, enough to supply its four RS-25 rockets on lengthy missions. It is also designed to be able to carry astronauts to the Orion space station and in the future, begin to explore destinations much further into our solar system such as Mars.

Surrounding all this precious cargo is a structure built from 2219 aluminum alloy. Part of the wrought-aluminum family, 2219 aluminum alloy is composed of aluminum, copper, iron, manganese, zinc, and trace levels of other metals. This combination creates an aluminum that is not just incredibly strong, but extremely resistant to warping, stretching, or bending under extreme conditions, including high heat. While this is the ideal material to use for spacecraft, its resistance to high heat also makes it difficult to weld. Considering this, NASA began building its special Vertical Assembly Center equipped with a special welding tool kit that is capable of helping construct our future spacecraft.Watch movie online The Transporter Refueled (2015)

NASA employs two different types of welding for aerospace applications using 2219 aluminum alloy. The first is Gas Tungsten Arc welding done in a flat position that uses a high purity helium gas shield to provide deep welds without contamination or oxidation. The second, more advanced type of is Variable Polarity Plasma Arc Welding. It offers the high-heating capacity needed to bond 2219 aluminum alloy, can be performed in a vertical position, and needs no shielding gas. The Vertical Assembly Center employs this welding technology, and with the help of a computer, and is being used to weld the core stage of the SLS rocket. Standing 170-feet tall and 78-feet wide it is currently the largest spacecraft welding tool in the world. While this is the just the first project it is being used for, its state-of-the-art technology will be able to accommodate many future spacecraft builds.

While you may not be needing special space-age equipment for your welding project, Argyle Welding Supply does provide both professional and at-home welders with all the safety equipment and working materials needed both on and off the job. We also carry a variety of products for the food and beverage industry, pool maintenance and specialized gas products for a variety of applications including various gases and gas supplies for consumer use. At Argyle, we strive to be the best welding supplier we can so that our customers are safe and productive. Visit us at any of our three locations in El Paso, Albuquerque, or Las Cruces or on our social media on Facebook and Twitter.